Publicans in the Extended Family

 

During my research into various branches of the family tree, I have discoverd quite a few people who were occupied as a publican, pub landlord, licensed victualler or beer seller. Many were listed with other occupations in earler and/or later Census returns or were only discovered as such thanks to a note in a childs baptism, marriage or military record. Some of the publicans are not part of the family, but are employing our family members or they are boarders/lodgers at their establishment and a few are just people I found during time transcribing that I have included in the hope that it helps another researcher. Although I have not found all the pubs or addresses they may have worked in, I am grateful for the helpful online resources sites I found to help research Public Houses which are now demolished or been repurposed into residences and shops which I have listed in the Sources section below. It is sad that so many of our public houses have closed, but surprisingly the odd one remains - sometimes even with the same name, so if you get the opportunity to visit the pub, please drop in to support them!

John Howard was an Ag Lab who is listed as a Publican at the time of his sons marriage in 1851. He was also a brickmaker, coal merchant and publican of the Castle Inn, Braunston Wharf, Braunston, Northamptonshire. According to the Northampton Mercury dated 10 Sept 1831 the premises were being sold off by auction along with all his goods, coal boat and other assets. This could either be The Windsor Castle, London Road, Braunston, Northants also known as or Ye Olde Cock in 1675 which was situated by the side of the canal and is now a private residence. Or The Mill House previously called the Boatman, the Rose and Castle then later, the New Castle or the Castle Inn in the mid 20th century. There are several newspaper articles referring to the Insolvency of John Howard and Samuel Reynolds from 1831 up to 1840! I am unable to trace him with certainty in this country past this date as he may have received 14 years and may have been transported to Canada.

William Howard (1825) was a builder / contractor, licensed victualler and publican married to Matilda Green. He was Publican of the Fleur de Lis, 125 Rochester Road, Burham, Kent in 1858 which is where their daughter Elizabeth was born in 1854. After the death of first wife he is recorded in 1871 and 1874 as a Licensed Victualler / Landlord at the Alexandra Tavern, Anchor Lane, Worthing, Sussex residing with his family. He is advertised as a Contractor in the 1879 Worthing Street Directory but he passed away in 1875. Wife Sarah Hannah Howard nee Haddon (1828 Welton, Northamptonshire) is recorded as the Landlord from 1878 which is confirmed by the 1881 Census where she is listed as a widow and Licensed Victualler at Alexander Hotel, 28 Lyndhurst Road, Worthing. Anchor Lane was renamed Lyndhurst Road. Her uncle George Haddon was also recorded in 1861 as a Farm Labourer and Publican of The Star Inn, Barby, Northamptonshire, the name of which was provided by the Barby Local History Group. In 1871 The Star has a new landlady a widow Mary Ann Smith and her 5 daughters but John Haddon George's brother is lodging there while George with his wife Sarah and daughter Harriet have moved to the Harrow Inn, Grandborough, Warwickshire – I presume this is the Old Harrow Inn in Woolscott as the pub in Main Street was called the Royal George. In 1881 Census he is employed as a Farm Bailiff residing with his family at Woolcott House and The Harrow Inn is occupied by William (age 52 Alfesley, Warks) and Mary (age 42 Hillongley, Warks) Harber. He is described as Publican and Grazier of 6 acres.

William Sharman Green (1814 Welton, Northamptonshire) is recorded on the 1851 Census as a Victualler residing at Wagon & Horses, 37 Summer Row, Birmingham, Warwickshire with his wife Hannah (1824 Tunstall, Staffordshire), their children Sarah Anne Green (1846 Ramsay, Hampshire), William Green (1849 Sedgley, Staffordshire), Matilda Green (1851 Handsworth, Staffordshire), two relatives Elena Hadon (1832 Barby, Northamptonshire) who is working as a Barmaid and her brother William Hadon (1839 Barby, Northamptonshire) plus two servants Mary Barttett (1832 Birmingham, Warwickshire), Thomas Smith (1829 Highmoor, Leicestershire) who is employed as a Hostler and visitor Emily Hull (1829 Upon Severn, Worcestershire). The Pub is not named on 1851 Census but is listed at that address until 1881 when it changes to No 22 Summer Row. William Green is brother to Matilda Green, the first wife of William Howard whilst Elena and William Hadon / Haddon are siblings of Sarah Hannah Haddon, his second wife.

Arthur Couzens (1857 Avebury, Wiltshire) is recorded on the 1911 as Licensed Victualler of the Snitterfield Arms, Bearley Rd, Snitterfield, Stratford-Upon-Avon, Warwickshire. This former coachman is residing here with his widowed mother Mary Ann Couzens (1827 Marlborough, Wiltshire) and two servants Jacob Farr (1858 Manningbruce, Wiltshire) who was a Domestic Hotel Waiter and Maud Knight (1891 Denton, Northamptonshire). Maud Mary Ann Knight daughter of Alfred and Alice Sophia Newton Knight nee Gammage and sister to our gr grandfather Mervyn Llewellyn Knight. The Snit as it is affectionally called is still an active pub.

John Davies (1841 Carmarthenshire, Wales) is a Licensed Victualler at the Millbank Arms, 10 Byng Street, Llangyfelach, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales on the 1891 Census residing with him are his wife Anise / Anita (1842 Llansawell, Carmarthenshire), domestic servant Mary J Price (1875 Swansea, Glamorgan and married boarder Elizabeth A Gammage nee Davies (1869 Llanelly, Carmarthenshire) who married William Gammage in 1889 Swansea.

John Richard Davies (1853 Morriston, Glamorgan, Wales) was recorded as a Licensed Victualler at Three Crowns, 22 High Street, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales between 1881 - 1911. He had two wives, Margaret (1854 Llandilo, Carmarthenshire) who is residing with him and their son Norman (1877 Landore, Swansea) on the 1881 Census and Jane (1864 Llandilo, Carmarthenshire) who is residing with them on the 1891 Census along with her sister Agnes (1866 Llandilo, Carmarthenshire) who is a music teacher and 3 domestic servants Lucy Blake (21), Sarah Jane Price (21) and Harriet Elizabeth Sparks (18) who marries Thomas Gammage 1894 Llanelly, Carmarthenshire.

William Elkington (1860 – 1941) known as Billy was a farmer and publican of the Black Horse Inn, Barby, Northamptonshire in 1901 residing with wife Lucy and 7 year old granddaughter Edith. She was previously married to the prior landlord John Richard Pittom who is recorded as the publican in 1891.

Henry Geere is mentioned in the Will dated 1837 of Ann Lillyott nee Geere of Brighton the wife of James Lillyott / Lelliott. "My said Nephew Henry Geere of Limehouse near Blackwall in the County of Middlesex Victualler". Proved at London 31st July 1837. James Lelliott married Anne Geere on 9 July 1806 at Newtimber. Will transcribed by Janice Ferris. Document ref: Ref Prob 11/1804. Further research shows that Henry Geere was the landlord of the Spread Eagle, 66 Limehouse Causeway, Limehouse E14 from 1830.

Emily Harris is a barmaid on the 1881 Census at Green Man, 276 & 280 Old Kent Road, St George the Martyr Southwark, St Saviour Southwark - publican is Miles Peters (1837 Kent) married to Elizabeth (1845, Bedford, Bedfordshire).

Joshua Greatorex (1850 Sheffield, Yorkshire) 1901 recorded as publican - no pub name but the family were residing at 54 George Street, East Stonehouse, Devon which had at 3 pubs along that street in the 1800's: The Three Kings at no 63, The Mechanics Arms at No 38 and The Builders Arms at No 27 along with plenty of others in the surrounding area. By 1911 he is a Chef working in HMS Dockyards but his son Charles is a barman in a public house (not named).

Mackie & Lil Hollowell are not related to my family but we have links to the Knight family who lived in Denton and information on a photograph of the local Darts Team, The Red Lion, Main Street, Denton, Northamptonshire in 1956/7 before whitewash covered the mellow local stone walls includes one of the family along with the publican who had moved from the Quart Pot the year before.

James Lee (1810 Horsham - 1866 Horsham) is described as a victualler and carpenter on the 1851 Census when he is residing at Red Lion, 8 Carfax, Horsham, Sussex along with wife Mary (1805 Horsham) and their children James (1838 Mickleham, Surrey), Eliza (1845 Mickleham, Surrey) and Albert (1850 Horsham, Sussex) plus a house servant and 7 lodgers. He is listed as publican of The Lamb Inn, Carfax Horsham, Sussex from 1859 and on the 1861 Census is residing there with his wife Mary Lee, daughter Eliza who is working as a Barmaid and son Albert Lee who is an Apprentice Millwright. I found James on the 1841 Census in Mickleham but he was on his own and working as a Cleaner - his family mut be close by as his eldst son was born in 1838). Note that this is a dubious link in our family as there are 2 Albert Lee's who were born in Horsham - I have actually plumped for the other family as most likely belonging to our branch but kept the information on this one just in case and decided to add them here in the hope it helps another genealogist!

Levi Lelliott a licensed victualler from 1878 to 1905 of the Railway Inn, Balcombe, Haywards Heath, Sussex Will dated: 19 Dec 1903, Died 21 Feb 1905 Probate: 22 Mar 1905 Article in Mid Sussex Times (date unknown) states: The licence transferred of the Railway Inn, Balcombe from Mr Lelliott, deceased to Emily Lelliott and Henry Longley, Executors

William Lenton b 1819 St Clements Danes, London married Mary Jane Evans and for all intents and purposes appears in the census returns as a Master Cordwainer or Boot and Shoe Maker employing several people, however, on his daughter Rosina Sarah Lenton’s marriage to my gr grandfather George Howard he is listed as a retired publican. In 1881 Census he is recorded as a retired bootmaker residing in Isleworth and he died in 1885 so I have no other evidence to date on which pub if any he may have been running other than the childrens marriage records – it is definitely the same person so maybe he sold liquor from his shop as a sideline.

Hugh Poulton (1894 Hatfield Peverel) was publican at Cross Keys, The Green, Ulting Road, Hatfield Peverel, Braintree, Essex present there on 1939 Electoral Register with his wife Eila Kathleen Blount and their children Hubert, John, Ella and William (others are redacted) and it is listed as sons Cecil and Crawford residence at time of their marriages in 1943 and 1947.

John Mackay (1842 Isle of Lewis, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland) was a former Butler occupied as a Publican on 1881 Census residing at 16 Public House, Commercial Quay, St Mary the Virgin, Dover with his wife Ann (1843 Ross & Cromarty) and their children Margaret (1866) Haigh (1869), John (1871), Robert (1873), George (1875), Jessie (1877), William G H MacKay (1879), Sarah A MacKay (1881) who were all born in Edinburgh. According to the Post Office Directory 1882 he is still landlord but obviously didn't enjoy the job as by the 1891 Census he had moved the whole family to Folkstone, Kent and went back to being a Butler.

Charles Revill (1857 Greetham, Rutland) is the landlord on the 1911 Census of The Lord Nelson Pub, 386 Old Kent Road, Camberwell, London residing with his son George F W Revill (1888 Coventry, Warwickshire), neice Florence E Holland (1893 Forest Gate, Essex) who is working as a barmaid, visitor Mary Ann Field (1855 Hunslet, Yorkshire), housemaid Elizabeth Maud Stone (1885 Bermondsey), cook Agnes Andrews (1884 Rotherhythe, London) and barmen John Gardner (1883 Bideford, Warwickshire), Malcolm Macmanns (1884 Bricken, Ayrshire), Frank Bull (1883 Crewe, Cheshire) abd Edward Gumery (1887 Aston, Birmingham, Warwickshire) who is also recorded at his parents address on the same night occupied as a Barman at a brewery. Edward's army attestation in 1914 at Deptford records his occupation as Barman and he served with Royal Irish Rifle until 1919, being promoted to Sergeant in 1916 when he also married Lilian May Towers. The Lord Nelson is now a Grade II listed building still operating as a pub.

James Rogers (36) born Cheslyn Hay is a licensed victualler residing in 1891 at the Woodman Inn, Little Wood, Cheslyn Hay, Staffordshire with his wife Emma Rogers (35) and their children Elizabeth (8), Annie (5), James (3), Emily (1) and lodger William Rogers Snr a widower (65). Emma Rogers has taken over the license of the pub and is still residing there with her children Elizabeth, Annie, Jas Wm, Emily plus Emma (8) and her uncle William Rogers Snr a widower (75) (he was described as a Lodger in 1890 but possibly deceased husbands uncle).

Sarah Sacker an 83 year old widow born Bloxwith, Stafford was the Innkeeper of the Woodman Inn, Little Wood, Cheslyn Hay, Staffordshire on the 1881 Census accompanied by her 33 year old unmarried domestic servant Mary Cartwright who was also born in Bloxwith, Staffs.

Martha Smith (55) born Brandon, Salop is the Licensed Victualler of The Oak Inn, Mynd, Bucknell, Shropshire in the 1871 Census. Her older brother William (69) a retired farmer, younger brother John (53 yo Farmer of 18 acres) with his farm boy servant Herbert Thomas (12), general servant Hannah Bathurst (19) along with boarder Richard Hughes (21) and a visitor William M Mathews (47) are present on the night of the census. Hannah Bathurst is younger sister to one of my ancestors Ann Bathurst. I was unable to find a record of The Oak Inn but it may now be called the Sitwell Arms, Craven Arms, Bedstone Road, Bucknell, Shropshire.

Albert Shoulders (1871 Henfield, Sussex) on 1901 Census is a Beer Retailer / Publican at Foresters Inn, Old Shoreham Road, Shoreham, Sussex residing with his wife Minnie (1872), their children Alfred A (1892), Ernest W (1895), Sydney F Shoulders (1896) all born in Brighton and his widowed father William Shoulders (1837 Henfield, Sussex). In 1911 publican Albert, wife Minnie and children Ernest and Sydney are residing at the Belgrave Arms, 68 St Georges Road, Kemp Town, Brighton, Sussex which operated from the 1850s until its closure in 1936 when it was converted into flats.

Frederick David Godden Taylor (1869 Folkestone) is listed on the 1911 Census as Publican residing at The George Inn, 2 George Lane Folkestone, Kent, England with his wife Margaret (1866 Edinburgh), along with daughter Ethel (1891) who is working as a Barmaid and son William (1893) who is occupied as a Blacksmith) - both born in Folkestone. Frederick remains the landlord of the pub until 1922.

Christopher Terry (1851 Mongham, Deal, Kent) is recorded on his probate record as the Licensed Victualler and resident of the Red Lion, Each End, Ash, Woodnesborough, Kent along with his wife Rhoda Terry nee Rogers (1852 Ringwould, Kent). He died on 9 July 1896 and his will was probated 17 August 1896. The couple had 10 children.

George Watling (1874 Yoxford, Suffolk) was the publican of The Beehive, Aston, Herts in 1917/18 according to his son Walter’s Army record. George Watling married 1st Q 1899 Woolwich Kent to Elizabeth Swain who was born 1871 Weston, Hertfordshire. Elizabeth was possibly related in some way to earlier tenants of the pub William and Eliza Swain although have not found the connection as yet. She was the granddaughter of Richard & Sarah Swain whose son Joseph is inferred to be father on 1891 Census but there is also an unmarried older daughter Ann on the 1871 census who she may belong to. Richard may be the son of William and Eliza Swain although they could also be completely unrelated.

Charles Thomas Watling (1897 Plumstead, Kent) son of Herbert George Watling married Kathleen Mildred Ablett and they had a daughter Joan whose baptism record in 1923 states that the family were residing at The Oak Inn, 6 Lensfield Road, Cambridge and her fathers Charles occupation was Publican. The address was originally 43 Regent Street. Quite a bit of info on the Capturing Cambridge site: The Oak, 6 Lensfield Road, Cambridge although you have to scroll through the page to read the snippets.

Herbert George Watling (1866 Yoxford, Suffolk) was George’s brother and publican at The Carriers Arms, 4 St Tibbs Row, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire in 1911 residing there with his wife Kate Charlotte Watling nee Rackham and their sons Herbert George and Charles Thomas Watling.

SOURCES
The following are important resources to family historians as they attempt to record the ever increasing lost public houses of the UK. Please try and support them by sending in any information, history, publican names / dates and photographs where available. Since the two main sites inception, other sites have popped up to specialise in their local area so it is worth searching on Google for them if you are unable to find the information you need.

Pubs History
One of the most comprehensive sites that covers lost and evolved pubs in the UK.

Capturing Cambridge
Encourages visitors to explore the history of the local streets by browsing the map or searching for specific people and places.

Closed Pubs - The Lost Pubs Project
Another ongoing project to record and archive the ever increasing lost and closed public houses in the UK.

Janice Ferris Family History
Includes comprehesive and well researched information on the Lelliots and related families ncluding Will transcriptions.

Wikipedia
Extensive online resource that includes regions, counties, towns and their more well known properties.

Other Useful Links
The following is not a complete list, some use content from the sites listed above, but you may find a pub listed on a specific local site that has not been included elsewhere. Also spotted a lot of newspaper articles on Lost Pubs, some with photographs that have not been included here - just put lost pubs and a town / county into any search engine to find them!

Alexandra Hotel on Worthing Pubs
Bristols Lost Pubs
Campaign For Real Ale (CAMRA)
Changing Face of Horsham The Towns Lost Pubs
Dover / Kent Public House Archive Site
Eastbourne Closed Pubs
Hinckley and Bosworth Camra
History of the lost pubs of Wroughton
Lost Pubs of Bedford
Lost Pubs of Birmingham
Lost Pubs of Bishops Castle
Lost Pubs of Bolton
Lost Pubs of Coventry
Lost Pubs of Hull
Lost Pubs of Salisbury
Lost Pubs of Widdington
Lost Pubs of Wirksworth Documentary Film
Lost Pubs of Wymondham
Milford Street Bridge Project - Pubs
Otley Pub Club - Lost Pubs
Portsmouth Pubs
Pub History of Hastings, St Leonards, Rye and Lewes
Spitalfields Life Alphabet of Lost Pubs
What Pub



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